Person with Xipe-topec having 7 as Personality number love nature & peaceful ambiance. Sometimes credited with being a creator god along with his brothers, Xipe Totec was also closely associated with death, which resulted in him being considered the source of diseases amongst mankind. The flayed skins were often taken from sacrificial victims who had their hearts cut out, and some representations of Xipe Totec show a stitched-up wound in the chest. Xipe Totec (pronounced Shee-peh Toh-tek) is “Our Lord with skinned skin”. [26] The living god lay concealed underneath the superficial veneer of death, ready to burst forth like a germinating seed. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Weird things about the name Xipe: The name spelled backwards is Epix. Vote & Rate 5. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. [21] His mouth, lips, neck, hands and legs are sometimes painted red. Pronounce word 150. As a symbol of the new vegetation, Xipe Totec wore the skin of a human victim - the "new skin" that covered the earth in the spring. Ancient History Encyclopedia. [44], Other forms of sacrifice were sometimes used; at times the victim was cast into a firepit and burned, others had their throats cut.[40]. [20] Xipe Totec is represented wearing flayed human skin, usually with the flayed skin of the hands falling loose from the wrists. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. by Papageno (Public Domain) Xipe Totec ( pron. The god was a major Aztec deity and was also worshipped by the Tlaxcaltecans, Zapotecs, Mixtecs, Tarascan and Huastecs. Xipe Totec was a deity found in various Mesoamerican cultures, albeit known by different names. Xipe Totec ("Nostro Signore lo Scorticato"), era una divinità mixteca, in origine chiamata semplicemente Xipe, assimilata poi alla mitologia azteca.Era una divinità che presiedeva alla rinascita, al passaggio dalla morte alla vita e viceversa, dio dell'agricoltura, dell'occidente, delle malattie, della primavera, dei fabbri e delle stagioni. Xipe Totec. [13] Xipe Totec has a strong relation to diseases such as smallpox, blisters and eye sickness[14] and if someone suffered from these diseases offerings were made to him. Web. Add a comment 10. The sacrificial victim was bound spread-eagled to a wooden frame, he was then shot with many arrows so that his blood spilled onto the ground. They are helpful & friendly. Michael D. Coe & Rex Koontz 1962, 1977, 1984, 1994, 2002, 2008, p.207. In Aztec mythology and religion, Xipe Totec or Xipetotec ("Our Lord the Flayed One") was a life-death-rebirth deity, god of agriculture, vegetation, the east , spring, goldsmiths, silversmiths, liberation, and the seasons. Origin of Totec . [9] His insignia included the pointed cap and rattle staff, which was the war attire for the Mexica emperor. Learn more.. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, pp.422, 468. He is most often represented rather grotesquely with a bloated face (sometimes striped), sunken eyes and double lips. The significance of these impersonations and sacrifices was once again one of regeneration related to agriculture. National Institute of Anthropology and History, Archaeologists have found a temple to the ‘Flayed Lord’ in Mexico, "Mexican experts discover first temple of god depicted as skinned human corpse", "Museo de América (Catalogue - item 1991/11/48)", "Las representaciones de Xipe Totec en la frontera sur Mesoamericana", "La música en la fiesta del dios Xipe Totec", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Xipe_Totec&oldid=996712957, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 06:05. xipe totec. It has been speculated that this god has its origins in either the Olmec or the Yope culture. [40] The spilling of the victim's blood to the ground was symbolic of the desired abundant rainfall, with a hopeful result of plentiful crops. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Submit. Définitions de Masque de Xipe Totec, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Masque de Xipe Totec, dictionnaire analogique de Masque de Xipe Totec (français) [4] The Tlaxcaltecs and the Huexotzincas worshipped a version of the deity under the name of Camaxtli,[5] and the god has been identified with Yopi, a Zapotec god represented on Classic Period urns. On the dress, they put a crown made of rich feathers, which was also a wig of false hair. People with name Xipe-topec seek religion & wisdom. Related Content Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.422. Franke J. Neumann 1976, p. 254. The Tizoc Stone is a huge stone cylinder from the Aztec capital... Xipe Totec Temple To The "Flayed God" Discover By Archaeologists. In art Xipe Totec was a popular subject both in statues and masks. Fernández 1992, 1996, pp.60-63. Vote & Rate 5. [22] He frequently had vertical stripes running down from his forehead to his chin, running across the eyes. He is equivalent to the Red Tezcatlipoca, patron of Cuauhtli (eagle), the unfavourable 15th Aztec day-name and he was represented by the date 1 Océlotl. Origin and Meaning of Totec Submit the origin and/or meaning of Totec to us below. [39], "Arrow sacrifice" was another method used by the worshippers of Xipe Totec. As a weapon he was given a macuahuitl (a wooden sword with blades formed from obsidian) with the obsidian blades replaced with feathers. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.422. In some cases, some parts of the human skin covering is painted yellowish-gray. Without his skin, he was depicted as a golden god. Xipe Totec appears in codices with his right hand upraised and his left hand extending towards the front. The late Post-classical Maya also adopted Xipe Totec and representations of the god survive at Oxkintok, Chichen Itza and Mayapan. Xipe Totec, more commonly known by her nickname Murder, is the raven avian spirit with whom Ixtlilton, Xochipilli, and Xochiquetzal sealed away the Black Tezcatlipoca. Gender: Do not display Current location: The Republic of Texas Member since: Thu Apr 8, 2004, 05:04 PM Number of posts: 42,820. Mesoamerican Mythology : A Guide to the Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. After the conclusion of this game, those who wore the human skins went around throughout the whole town, entering houses and demanding that those in the houses give them some alms or gifts for the love of Xipe Totec. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.451-2. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.422. The skins of all these victims were dyed yellow and called teocuitlaquemitl or golden robes and were either worn by priests who performed ritual dances in them in the ceremony known as Tozoztontl held the following month or worn by young men for 20 days who then went around begging until the skins rotted away and the remains were then buried in the god’s temple. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.171. Visit a page 5. The deity was honored with a dance and ended in a war exercise. The institute said experts found two skull-like volcanic-rock carvings and a stone trunk depicting the god, Xipe Totec (meaning ‘our lord of the flayed’). [34] This act of putting on new skin was a ceremony called 'Neteotquiliztli' translating to "impersonation of a god". This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Then, on the day of the festival at dawn, the impersonator was sacrificed - often actually regarded as an honour in Mesoamerican religion - and skinned along with impersonators of another eight gods including Quetzalcóatl. unknown. [35] The skins were often adorned with bright feathers and gold jewellery when worn. He can cast a ghoulish figure wearing the skin of one of his sacrificial victims which is elaborately tied with a string at the back, shows the incision where the victim’s heart was removed and with even the flayed hands hanging from the god’s wrists. A fertility deity, Xipe Totec vividly conveys the concept of death and rebirth by wearing the flayed skin of a sacrificial victim. Xipe Totec perhaps originated with the Olmec culture and developed from their ancient God VI. Xipe Totec is believed to be the son of Ometeotl (meaning ‘Two Gods’), a primordial god who was both male and female… Xipe Totec aids warriors in fighting their enemies. Xipe Totec rose to prominence in the Aztec pantheon, and was also worshipped by such cultures as the Zapotecs, Mixtecs, and Toltecs. [6] The female equivalent of Xipe Totec was the goddess Xilonen-Chicomecoatl. Ancient History Encyclopedia. [16] Representations of the god have been found as far away as Tazumal in El Salvador. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, pp.54-5. Add word 100. Meanings for xipe totec Add a meaning Cancel. [32] On the next day of the festival, the game of canes was performed in the manner of two bands. [23] One Xipe Totec sculpture was carved from volcanic rock, and portrays a man standing on a small pedestal. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. aztec god that wore the skin of his victims. Cite This Work Books They were seated and offered Xipe Totec an uncooked tart of ground maize, many ears of corn that had been broken apart in order to get to the seeds, along with fruits and flowers. [14] New vegetation was represented by putting on the new skin of a flayed captive because it symbolized the vegetation the earth puts on when the rain comes. People with name Xipe totec are followers & not leaders. [6], In January 2019, Mexican archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History confirmed that they had discovered the first known surviving temple dedicated to Xipe Totec in the Puebla state of Mexico. Add collection 200. They are artistic & imaginative. Fernández 1992, 1996, p.60. [42] After the victim was shot with the arrows, the heart was removed with a stone knife. [29] This festival took place in March at the time of the Spanish Conquest. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. These involved captives who had displayed most courage being placed on a circular stone platform (temalacatl), bound up and made to fight elite Eagle and Jaguar warriors or knights. You are not logged in.. Thanks for contributing. [34] After having the heart cut out, the body was carefully flayed to produce a nearly whole skin which was then worn by the priests for twenty days during the fertility rituals that followed the sacrifice. A deity of agricultural renewal, vegetation, seasons, goldsmiths and liberation, Xipe Totec was included among one of the leading Aztec gods and gods. They hate doing physical work. He is associated with springtime and transformation. They are individualistic, creative, dignified, serene & tolerant. Fun Facts about the name Xipe. The flayer then made a laceration from the lower head to the heels and removed the skin in one piece. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Abilities: As a god of agriculture, he causes crops to grow readily and abundantly for farmers. The Popolucas built the temple in an area called Ndachjian-Tehuacan between AD 1000 and 1260 prior to Aztec invasion of the area.[18]. xipe totec pronunciation with translations, sentences, synonyms, meanings, antonyms and more. [31] The central ritual act of "Tlacaxipehualiztli" was the gladiatorial sacrifice of war prisoners, which both began and culminated the festival. Sites Mythologica Xipe Totec, the Aztec god of spring and regeneration, appears in many Mesoamerican cults. It is likely that sculptures of Xipe Totec were ritually dressed in the flayed skin of sacrificial victims and wore sandals. [14], The flayed skins were believed to have curative properties when touched and mothers took their children to touch such skins in order to relieve their ailments. Person with Xipe totec having 2 as Personality number give undue importance to family. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Also called: Xipe Totec (ˈʃipei ˈtoutek, Spanish ˈhipe ˈtɔtek) Most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random … They had a feast called Yopico every year in the temple during the month of Tlacaxipehualizti. Learn more.. You are not logged in.. In Mesoamerican mythology Xipe Totec was the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl and, specifically in Aztec mythology, he was the brother of those other three major gods Tezcatlipoca, Huizilopochtli and Quetzalcoatl. Xipe Totec is the god of seeds, rebirth and the shedding of skin. first-person plural possessive singular of tēuctli; (he is) our lord. Xipe-topec Numerology : Personality No. The deity probably became an important Aztec god as a result of the Aztec conquest of the Gulf Coast in the middle of the fifteenth century. Matos Moctezuma 1988, p.181. Journal Archives. [38], Various methods of human sacrifice were used to honour this god. Il s’agit d’une divinité originaire du Sud-Est du Mexique, de l’Oaxaca et du Guerrero (3) . Fernández 1992, 1996, p.60. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.468. https://www.ancient.eu/Xipe_Totec/. He is associated with springtime and transformation. The eyes are not visible, the mouth is open and the ears are perforated. Xi-pe To-tec) or ‘Flayed One’ in Nahuatl, was a major god in ancient Mesoamerican culture and particularly important for the Toltecs and Aztecs. They are gracious, truthful & straightforward. Coailhuitl or the Snake Festival) was held in honour of Xipe Totec and human sacrifices were made to appease the god and ensure a good harvest that year. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.423. Xipe Totec, the Aztec god of spring and regeneration, appears in many Mesoamerican cults. Xipe Totec was believed by the Aztecs to be the god that invented war. Xi-pe To-tec)  or ‘Flayed One’ in Nahuatl, was a major god in ancient Mesoamerican culture and particularly important for the Toltecs and Aztecs. The festival was preceded by an even stranger practice of an impersonator dressing as Xipe Totec for 40 days before the big day, splendidly decked out in bright red spoonbill feathers and sparkling golden jewellery. A satrap was adorned in the skin taken from one of the captives in order to appear like Xipe Totec. The worship of Xipe Totec was common along the Gulf Coast during the Early Postclassic. [22] His body is often painted yellow on one side and tan on the other. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Xipe Totec (pron. [6], The annual festival of Xipe Totec was celebrated on the spring equinox before the onset of the rainy season; it was known as Tlacaxipehualiztli ([t͡ɬakaʃipewaˈlist͡ɬi]; lit. However, there was no chance of survival as the knights were armed with the vicious macuauhuitl, a hardwood sword edged with razor-sharp obsidian, whilst the captive had a sword edged with feathers so, aside from tickling to death his opponents, the contest was a foregone conclusion and merely a more elaborate form of sacrifice than meted out to the other victims of the festival. Add a comment 10. Get all the lyrics to songs by Xipe Totec and join the Genius community of music scholars to learn the meaning behind the lyrics. It is a bad day to ignore the will of the gods. How unique is the name Xipe? Xipe Totec was also known by various other names, including Tlatlauhca (Nahuatl pronunciation: [t͡ɬaˈt͡ɬawʔka]), Tlatlauhqui Tezcatlipoca (Nahuatl pronunciation: [t͡ɬaˈt͡ɬawʔki teskat͡ɬiˈpoːka]) ("Red Smoking Mirror") and Youalahuan (Nahuatl pronunciation: [jowaˈlawan]) ("the Night Drinker"). [6] Xipe Totec is associated with pimples, inflammation and eye diseases,[11][12] and possibly plague. They had them put on garlands and give them pulque to drink, which was their wine. [33] Annually, slaves or captives were selected as sacrifices to Xipe Totec. Gold ornaments were put in the nose and nasal septum. Xipe Totec. [21] His hands are bent in a position that appears to possibly hold a ceremonial object. Another possible origin is from the Yope civilization in the southern highlands of Guerrero. They love perfection, teaching & spirituality. The first band were those who took the part of Xipe Totec and went dressed in the skins of the war prisoners who were killed the previous day, so the fresh blood was still flowing. Meanings for Xipe - Totec Add a meaning Cancel. Totec Means. Add word 100. Xipe Totecia palvoivat tolteekit ja asteekit.Keväällä maasta nousevan tuoreen kasvuston symbolina jumalalla oli ihmisuhrin nyljetty nahka ”uusi iho”, joka peitti maata keväisin. Every spring in the third month of the solar year the festival of Tlacaxipehualiztli (a.k.a. Xipe Totec was widely worshipped in central Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest,[6] and was known throughout most of Mesoamerica. Profile Information. This occurred in every ward of the city, which resulted in multiple slaves being selected. Xipe in American English. This form may bear cryptic meanings of some sort. They are introspective, scientific & analytical. Xipe Totec, (Nahuatl: “Our Lord the Flayed One”) Mesoamerican god of spring and new vegetation and patron of goldsmiths. Wiktionary (mythology) A theonym, usually borne by xipe totēc. [45] Among this group, those who stole gold or silver were sacrificed to Xipe Totec. Pronounce word 150. Xipe Totec is the god of seeds, rebirth and the shedding of skin. Before this sacrifice, the victims were taken through the streets as a warning to others. Xipe Totec \ʃi.pe tɔ.tɛk\ masculin (Divinit é) Dieu aztèque du renouveau de la nature, de l’agriculture et de la pluie nocturne bienfaisante. [6] He was sometimes depicted with a yellow shield and carrying a container filled with seeds. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.422, Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.478, Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.423. Smith 1996, 2003, p.252. #XipeTotec #audioversity~~~ Xipe Totec ~~~Title: What is Xipe Totec? Xipe Totec. 7. Cartwright, Mark. Back to Top. Last modified August 06, 2013. Add thesaurus 100. It is possible the name you are searching has less than five occurrences per year. Miller & Taube 1993, 2003, p.188. [15], This deity is of uncertain origin. In Aztec mythology and religion, Xipe Totec (/ˈʃiːpə ˈtoʊtɛk/; Classical Nahuatl: Xīpe Totēc [ˈʃiːpe ˈtoteːkʷ]) or Xipetotec[1] ("Our Lord the Flayed One")[2] was a life-death-rebirth deity, god of agriculture, vegetation, the east , spring, goldsmiths, silversmiths, liberation, and the seasons. the Aztec god of sowing or planting. It is a day for action, not reflection. Xipe Totec was venerated by the Toltecs and Aztecs. Xipe Totec. Cited Source. As a god associated with plague and other bodily afflictions, he causes and cures ailments like smallpox, eye sickness, blisters, inflammation, pimples and plague. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Xipe_Totec/. [8] He flayed himself to give food to humanity, symbolic of the way maize seeds lose their outer layer before germination and of snakes shedding their skin. Add collection 200. They lack initiative. The opposing band was composed of daring soldiers who were brave and fearless, and who took part in the combat with the others. Neumann 1976, pp.252. They give in easily. [10] He had a temple called Yopico within the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan. They love tranquility. Cuauhtli, meaning ‘eagle’, is the day in the Aztec calendar associated with the goddess Xipe Totec. Journal Profile Recs Send DU Mail Ignore RSS feed. They are docile, sensitive, gentle & kind. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.324. Xipe Totec emerging from rotting, flayed skin after twenty days symbolised rebirth and the renewal of the seasons, the casting off of the old and the growth of new vegetation. 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We have also been recommended for educational use by the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike educational use by Tlaxcaltecans. [ 28 ] People wishing to be the god of agriculture, was. Various Mesoamerican cultures, albeit known by different names [ 45 ] Among this group those... Dignified, serene & tolerant first name Xipe was a patron to all metalworkers teocuitlapizque..., Heroes, Rituals, and xipe totec meaning... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike for farmers renewal with warfare were to! Regeneration, appears in many Mesoamerican cults feast called Yopico every year in the third month of highlights! The will of the solar year the festival of Tlacaxipehualiztli ( a.k.a 7 Personality... Encyclopedia Foundation is a registered EU trademark Great temple of Tenochtitlan not present being selected in the of... The U.S. Social Security Administration Public data, the god have been found as far away as Tazumal El... 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